Dentistry, also known as dental medicine and oral medicine, is a branch of medicine that consists of the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the oral cavity, commonly in the dentition but also the oral mucosa, and of adjacent and related structures and tissues, particularly in the maxillofacial (jaw and facial) area. Although primarily associated with teeth among the general public, the field of dentistry or dental medicine is not limited to teeth but includes other aspects of the craniofacial complex including the temporomandibular joint and other supporting, muscular, lymphatic, nervous, vascular, and anatomical structures.
Dentistry is often also understood to subsume the now largely defunct medical specialty of stomatology (the study of the mouth and its disorders and diseases) for which reason the two terms are used interchangeably in certain region.
Dental treatments are carried out by a dental team, which often consists of a dentist and dental auxiliaries (dental assistants, dental hygienists, dental technicians, as well as dental therapists). Most dentists either work in private practices (primary care), dental hospitals or (secondary care) institutions (prisons, armed forces bases, etc.).
Faculty of Dentistry is a one of the most important degrees whose task is to build the ability to apply the acquired knowledge, skills, understanding the essence of general, professional and practical training of a dentist in the field of healthcare.
The main components of the educational process at the Educational-professional program “Dentistry” are practical exercises at the University Clinic, during which the opportunity is given to master modern preventive and therapeutic diagnostic dental technologies.
The teaching staff ensures the implementation of the curriculum built on the European credit transfer system-accumulative credits. We use innovative teaching methods, modern forms of control and certification.
For educational process the high-tech equipment and labs are using:
own clinical base, phantom class of therapeutic dentistry, orthopedics, orthodontics classes, dental laboratory, clinic and dental surgery, implantology cabinets, dental office, cabinets of physics, chemistry, multimedia classes.
The practical training for students is organized by University on the basis of dental clinics and centers.
Cosmetic dentistry- Focuses on improving the appearance of the mouth, teeth and smile.
Oral and maxillofacial pathology– The study, diagnosis, and sometimes the treatment of oral and maxillofacial related diseases.
Oral and maxillofacial radiology– The study and radiologic interpretation of oral and maxillofacial diseases.
Oral and maxillofacial surgery (also called oral surgery) – Extractions, implants, and surgery of the jaws, mouth and face.
Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics – The straightening of teeth and modification of midface and mandibular growth.
Periodontology (also called periodontics) – The study and treatment of diseases of the periodontium (non-surgical and surgical) as well as placement and maintenance of dental implants
Prosthodontics (also called prosthetic dentistry) – Dentures, bridges and the restoration of implants
General dentists are responsible for the diagnosis, treatment, management and overall coordination of a patient’s oral health. General dentists are trained in all dental procedures but choose not to specialize in only one specific area of dentistry. Dental specialists are dentists who have received additional education and training after receiving licensure as a general dentist. A dental education also gives you access to other career paths, like working in a hospital emergency room, conducting advanced laboratory research, teaching future dentists or even traveling the world with international health and relief organizations.
Ten reasons to become a Dentist:
Help people maintain and improve their oral health, quality of life and appearance.
Dentistry offers flexibility to balance professional and personal life.
Give patients smiles they are proud to wear.
Be involved with the scientific advancement of dentistry.
Earn respect from your family, friends and community.
Be an educator on the importance of oral health.
Treat oral health and detect disease – including cancer and cardiovascular disease.
Merge your artistic and scientific talents.
With the aging population and increase in access to care, the demand and need for dentistry is on the rise.
Own a dental practice and set your own schedule.
Nowadays, there are numerous professional careers, therefore the choice the right career choice plays a major role in molding the student’s future. Moreover, choosing a future career for students in the health profession is of great interest for educators and admission committees, particularly in the field of dentistry.
Students who choose dentistry as a professional career demonstrate a wide range of motivational factors and since the dominant motivational factors may vary over time and between countries, seeking an understanding of current motivations to enter the dental health care workforce is critical to health care systems and may result in major changes for policies in dental education.
Dentistry provides a wide range of career and business opportunities as a general practitioner as well as a specialist. Many factors contribute to the students’ decision with regards to motivation and the reason to choose a specific medical specialty. Whether one chooses a specific specialty due to advice from friends or family, admiration of a certain mentor or genuine interest in the specialty, there are several incentives and factors that converge to result in the final decision. While motivations do vary according to specialties, they may include lifestyle choices, a possibility of private practice, an interest in specific diseases, a varied scope of practice, an interest in research and teaching, or to gain a higher income. It is also imperative to realize the importance of future specialty choices and the impact these decisions have on the dentists’ workforce.
With huge strides being made in the field of dentistry, this has become a rapidly evolving and expanding profession offering dental practitioners a wealth of opportunities, challenges and rewards.
As a Doctor of Dental Medicine, you will be part of the primary healthcare professions on the front line of wellness and disease prevention. Dentists are often the first health care professionals to identify and recognize a wide range of diseases, including hypertension and oral cancer. While the primary role of a dentist would be the diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the teeth, gums and mouth, these oral problems often reveal other underlying health issues that may require further looking into by a specialist.
Dentists help patients improve their appearance and boost their self-confidence by using a wide variety of cosmetic dental procedures. Trauma surgery, tissue grafts, laser surgery or dental implants are just some of the procedures performed by dentists to help restore, repair or maintain teeth and oral tissues that have been damaged or lost due to diseases or accidents. These services can do much to make patients feel better about themselves and their smiles.
Dentists provide an important health care service and are highly respected within the community. The work a dentist does goes beyond the dentist chair as dental professionals teach their patients how to prevent disease and achieve oral health.
A dentist’s typical day is diverse and interesting as they interact with people across all ages, personalities and cultures. From computers to magnetic resonance imaging and more, dentists utilize the latest technology in diagnosing and treating patients so no two days are ever the same.
Dentistry provides a wealth of opportunities in a variety of private and public settings including private practice, public health, research, administration and teaching. This is a profession that allows you to be your own boss. As a dentist, you can balance your professional and personal life to meet your personal needs and desires.
The demand for dental care has grown greatly over the past few years and it looks all set to continue growing with the increasing number of older adults who are looking to maintain a healthy set of teeth for longer. With the growing awareness of the importance of regular dental care, the need for specialized dental services such as cosmetic dental procedures and geriatric dental care has also increased manifold.
Last but not least, a career in this field is personally fulfilling. In helping people maintain their health and appearance, dentists perform an essential public service to help people. To serve the present and future oral health needs of their patients, dentists thrive on the challenge of a lifetime of learning. Tomorrow’s dentists can expect to be at the cutting edge of high technology, making the practice of dentistry even more rewarding and exciting than it is today.