Pediatrics is the branch of medicine dealing with the health and medical care of infants, children, and adolescents from birth up to the age of 18.
A pediatrician is a child’s physician who provides not only medical care for children who are acutely or chronically ill but also preventive health services for healthy children. A pediatrician manages the physical, mental, and emotional well-being of the children under their care at every stage of development, in both sickness and health.
Pediatricians are physicians that provide care for infants, children, teenagers, and young adults. They specialize in diagnosing and treating problems specific to younger people. Most pediatricians treat common illnesses, minor injuries, and infectious diseases, and administer vaccinations.
Pediatricians have specific knowledge about the health and medical care of young people. As the bodies of children grow and develop into adulthood, they have certain needs, which are distinct from the needs of adults. For this reason, a pediatrician has a valuable role on the medical care team to advocate for the best health decisions for all children.
Pediatricians have diverse roles that may include prevention, screening, diagnosis, and management of health conditions in young people. They may be involved with acute, chronic, and preventative medical care, with an emphasis on the overall physical, emotional, and mental health of all children.
It is important for pediatricians to consider all aspects of the child’s health, including their overall well-being as they grow and develop. They can help to improve a number of health outcomes for young people, such as reducing mortality and infection, while also encouraging healthy lifestyle choices to maintain good health.
The aims of the study of pediatrics is to reduce infant and child rate of death, control the spread of infectious disease, promote healthy lifestyles for long disease-free life, and help ease the problems of children and adolescents with chronic conditions.
Pediatricians diagnose and treat several conditions among children including
Pediatrics is concerned not only with immediate management of the ill child but also with long-term effects on quality of life, disability, and survival. Pediatricians are involved with the prevention, early detection, and management of problems including
Many pediatricians work long, irregular, and overnight hours. Pediatricians may travel between their offices and hospitals to care for their patients. While on call, they may need to address a patient’s concerns over the phone or make an emergency visit to a hospital or nursing home.
Some of the things a pediatrician might do:
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