Computer science is the study of computers and computing, including their theoretical and algorithmic foundations, hardware and software, and their uses for processing information. The discipline of computer science includes the study of algorithms and data structures, computer and network design, modeling data and information processes, and artificial intelligence. Computer science draws some of its foundations from mathematics and engineering and therefore incorporates techniques from areas such as queueing theory, probability and statistics, and electronic circuit design. Computer science also makes heavy use of hypothesis testing and experimentation during the conceptualization, design, measurement, and refinement of new algorithms, information structures, and computer architectures.
Computers are a part of every aspect of modern life. From shopping to playing games and exercising, there is now an app for pretty much everything. Computer science graduates created all those systems. Whether you want to work for a big corporation managing networks and designing software or become the next billionaire tech entrepreneur, a computer science degree will open up a world of possibilities.
Computer scientists understand the underlying principles of programming and algorithms and use them to design software, systems and networks to meet the needs of clients and the public. It is a fast-moving, highly specialized field and there is a constant, high demand for talented computer science graduates. Job satisfaction in the field is high, as are starting salaries, so if you like solving problems and have a talent for mathematics and logical thinking, a degree in computer science could be the start of a rewarding career.
Computer science is considered as part of a family of five separate yet interrelated disciplines: computer engineering, computer science, information systems, information technology, and software engineering. This family has come to be known collectively as the discipline of computing. These five disciplines are interrelated in the sense that computing is their object of study, but they are separate since each has its own research perspective and curricular focus.
The major subfields of computer science include the traditional study of computer architecture, programming languages, and software development. However, they also include computational science (the use of algorithmic techniques for modeling scientific data), graphics and visualization, human-computer interaction, databases and information systems, networks, and the social and professional issues that are unique to the practice of computer science. As may be evident, some of these subfields overlap in their activities with other modern fields, such as bioinformatics and computational chemistry. These overlaps are the consequence of a tendency among computer scientists to recognize and act upon their field’s many interdisciplinary connections.
If you see yourself designing and creating software systems, then computer science might be the right course of study for you. If you are thinking of becoming a manager or administrator to a technical enterprise, a degree in computer science or information and computer sciences could provide you with the background needed to achieve your goals. If you are thinking about becoming a researcher in a technical field, information and computer sciences could provide you with the skills and knowledge necessary to succeed.
Computer science is a dynamic and rapidly growing area that has become an integral part of the world that we live in today. Having a degree in this field will provide you with a deep understanding of theories and emerging technologies. This knowledge and experience will allow you to develop cutting-edge solutions that address today’s challenges. When applied in an interdisciplinary fashion, students can also draw on their other areas of interest such as biology, business, cyber security, economics, engineering, information assurance, languages and linguistics, mathematics, physics, public policy, etc., to address a wider range of complex issues.
10 reasons to choose the field of Computer Science
● Computing is part of everything we do. Computing and computer technology are part of the cars we drive, movies we watch, and how businesses and governments interact with us.
● Expertise in computing enables you to solve complex, challenging problems. Computing offers rewarding and challenging possibilities for a wide range of people, regardless of their interests.
● Computing is making a positive difference in the world. Computing drives innovation in the sciences, engineering, and business: Like the human genome project, AIDS vaccine research, environmental monitoring and protection.
● Computing offers many types of lucrative careers. Computing jobs are among the highest paid and have the highest job satisfaction.
● Computing jobs are here to stay, regardless of where you are located. There actually are more computing jobs than qualified people to fill them.
Expertise in computing helps you even if your primary career choice is something else. Having a computing major will provide you with a foundation of knowledge, problem solving, and logical thinking that will serve as a competitive advantage to you in your career, in whatever field you choose.
● Computing offers great opportunities for true creativity and innovativeness. Creating high-quality computing solutions is a highly creative activity, and computing supports creative work in many other fields. The best solutions in computing exhibit high levels of elegance and beauty.
● Computing has space for both collaborative work and individual effort. Computing is often about being part of a team that requires people with many different kinds of skills. Yet there is also plenty of space for individual flair and imagination.
● Computing is an essential part of well-rounded academic preparation. An increasing number of universities and employers see successful completion of a computer science course as a sign of academic well-roundedness.
● Future opportunities in computing are without boundaries. Computing is one of those fields where it is almost impossible to predict what will happen next. We cannot even begin to imagine all the ways that you can contribute to it and how it can make your life’s work exciting and real.
The most important aspect of computer science is problem solving, an essential skill for life. Students study the design, development and analysis of software and hardware used to solve problems in a variety of business, scientific and social contexts. Because computers solve problems to serve people, there is a significant human side to computer science as well.